A drum circle is a group of people playing drums together, usually hand drums such as djembes, congas, bass drums and bongos.
They can have anything from a few to hundreds of participants. There is often an array of other percussion instruments such as shakers and tambourines and they are sometimes accompanied by dancing.
In my travels I have come across many different kinds of drum circles. Here are a few of the most common:
1. Informal Drum Circles
The informal drum circle is a great place to listen, play or socialize. They are usually advertised on message boards or by word of mouth and often take place in a public setting.
Many players of all levels usually turn up. Drummers bring their own instruments and jam along within a loose rhythmic structure. They're good because newbies can blend in with the group while advanced players get a chance to practice soloing.
A disadvantage of informal drum circles is that there is often no clear leader or song structure. At the same time it's a good setting for the musicians to experiment, so the drumming is usually improvised, resulting in many rhythms being played at the same time.
Some players also have a tendency to solo too much, and the result is often what's technically known as a 'happy mess'.
Still, I love them because they're great fun and a good way to practice playing in a group. They're also one of the best ways to meet other drummers.
2. Facilitated Drum Circles
Drum circles are also used in education, therapy and corporate environments (as team-building) to bolster a sense of community, increase creativity and have fun. These events are usually privately organized.
A facilitator or group of more experienced players will take the lead, showing the other drummers exactly what to play to make up a song or rhythm. The group can also be divided to play different parts or use different instruments.
Many experienced performance drummers also give classes, either in groups or one to one tuition. This is a great opportunity to sponge up some of their knowledge and increase your repertoire.
Prices and quality of teachers vary greatly, and some provide drums while others don't. Weekly group lessons will most likely be the cheapest.
4. Corporate/Professional Drum Circles
The idea of using professional mobile facilitated drum circles in community and corporate settings is a Western one, originated by a man called Arthur Hull in Hawaii around 1990.
Here, a group of trained drummers is usually hired to perform a drum circle. They often provide drums and percussion for all the guests and facilitate a circle where everyone plays together. Sessions can last anything from a few minutes to a whole day, and settings range from corporate team-building to informal parties to charities.
I've worked for one of Arthur Hull's students and been lucky enough to experience drum circles on boats, buses, trains, mountain-tops, beaches, restaurants, churches, private homes and prisons with drummers numbering up to 1500!
How to find a drum circle in your area
One of the easiest ways would be to Google 'drum circle' followed by your area, eg 'drum circle Antarctica'.
If you don't have any luck with that (I didn't with that particular search) a cool site is Meetup.com's group for drum circles.
(To open in a new browser tab: Ctrl-click (PC) or command-click (Mac) the link.)
Some of the listings are for paid drum lessons, led by a teacher and some are open to the public. I'd say strike a healthy balance between group or private lessons and having fun at informal sessions.
If Meetup.com doesn't cover your area, feel free to join our Facebook group and place an ad on our wall.
Also check local community notice boards or classified ad websites like Craigslist and Gumtree.
If there's still noting advertised in your area, it's your job to start a drum circle! You'll be surprised at how many people are interested.
As always, love to hear your comments and suggestions.